“What makes the desert beautiful,'

said the little prince, 'is that somewhere it hides a well...”and snakes,  “a funny animal, no thicker than a finger”,  but "more powerful than the finger of a king”, and scorpions, and spiders.

 

All of this creatures are generally not a threat unless they are actually touched or stepped on. Use tips above to stay safe and know who are our neighbors in Wadi Rum.

 

Snakes are primarily nocturnal. They often become active during and immediately after desert rains, especially at night. In the heat of the day, they are usually either underground, or within or under cover (mammal burrows, shrubs, rocks and rock formations).

 

Saw-Scaled Viper, Echis carinatus. Threatened, forms its body into a crescent, and the scales are wound across one another in a continuous, undulating motion. The result is a chilling rasping noise that sounds like the wind blowing. Bites has been known to cause massive internal hemorrhaging and bleeding from all bodily openings.

The Desert Horned viper, Cerastes Cerastes or Egyptian Viper exhibits scale-rasping behavior similar to Saw-Scaled Viper. It fond of loose sand, and can disappear into in a matter of seconds - only the eyes, nostrils and horns remain above the surface. Bites from show hemotoxic effects and have great tissue-damaging qualities. Necrosis resulting from the envenomation resulted in the onset of gangrene, and a partial amputation could be required.

The Palestine Viper and The Lebetine Viper, Macrovipera Lebetina are very unlikely to be met in Wadi Rum. Their habitat is northern and central Israel, Palestine, western Syria, northwestern Jordan, and Lebanon.

False Cobra, Hooded Malpolon, الحفاث. Threatened, will imitate a cobra's stance by spreading its neck into a hood and hissing. The venom may not be deadly, but if the fangs do get hold of bare flesh and venom is injected, the pain can be excruciating; causing swelling and potentially other complications.

 

 

The Deathstalker (Leiurus quinquestriatus), also known as the Israeli Yellow scorpion, Omdurman scorpion or Naqab desert scorpion is the most dangerous. Its venom is a powerful mixture of neurotoxins, with a low lethal dose. While a sting from this scorpion is extraordinarily painful, it normally would not kill a healthy adult human

Buthus judaicus, عقرب There is a general conception that a sting of the yellow scorpion is dangerous, whereas 'black' scorpion stings are not, but because it can take up to 72 hours for the effects to wear off get to a doctor or hospital for a dose of antivenom as soon as possible. Light and dark brown scorpions are usually not poisonous at all.

 

 

Brown Recluse Spider you can find in shoes, inside dressers, in bed sheets of infrequently used beds, in clothes stacked or piled or left lying on the floor and inside work gloves -- watch carefully! It's venom can cause significant cutaneous injury with tissue loss and necrosis. Half of brown recluse bites result in necrosis or systemic effects. Systemic effects may occur before, as the venom spreads throughout the body in minutes. The systemic symptoms most commonly experienced include nausea, vomiting, fever, rashes, and muscle and joint pain.

Camel Spiders, Wind Scorpions, Sun Spiders, or Solifuges. عناكب جملية

Not especially large, the biggest having a leg span of about 12 cm, Camel Spiders are the subject of many legends - large, venomous predators, as fast as a running human, with a voracious appetite for large mammals.In fact they apparently have neither venom glands.  Though they are not venomous, the powerful spider's jaws may inflict a painful nip.

Huntsman spider, Cerbalus aravaensis, عناكب صيادة is the largest spider in the Middle East. t has a leg span of 14 centimeters. Female members of this family will aggressively defend their egg sacs and young against perceived threats.

Latrodectus Revivensis, Widow Spider,الزوع (جنس من العناكب السامة) The female black widow has large venom glands and its bite can be particularly harmful to humans. Despite the genus' notoriety, bites are rarely fatal but cause severe muscle pain, abdominal cramps, hyperhidrosis, tachycardia, and muscle spasms. Symptoms usually last for 3–7 days, but may persist for several weeks. Since the venom is not likely to be life-threatening, antivenom has been used as pain relief and not to save lives. However, a study demonstrated that antivenom and placebo added to standardized pain medication had similar improvement in pain and resolution of symptoms.

 

Watch around and you will prevent almost all bites. And don't be too scared (or fascinated) -- you can spend a year in the desert and meet none of them, but anyway it's better to know.

  • When walking in the desert, wear boots or thick shoes and keep ankles and lower legs covered.

  • Don't lift up stones, don't poke about in crevices and do shake out your shoes, sandals or boots after overnighting.

  • Keep areas around clear of unnecessary debris and food.

  • Any building materials such as sheets of wood, rolls of cloth, etc. that have been sitting for more than a few hours should be flipped with a stick before being moved.

  • Always assume it is poisonous. Local first-aid clinics may or may not have anti-venom shots available.

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May 9, 2016

May 9, 2016

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